Sidecarland

UK Regulations for Motorcycles and Mopeds Fact sheet

UK Regulations for Motorcycles and Mopeds Fact sheet

Vehicle Certification Agency

Below is an extract, note Category L4e, but read the paragraph below. Most sidecar outfits in the UK will fall under the Construction & Use Regs which differ greatly from the SVA regs.

The definitions for powered two and three wheel vehicles in ECWVTA differ from those of the Road Vehicles (Construction and Use) Regulations 1986 (C&U) and the Road Vehicles Lighting Regulations 1989 (RVLR). Any vehicle, which is outside the definitions given in C&U, must have ECWVTA or, if it is a three-wheel motorcycle that is outside the definitions of C&U, it may be submitted for Single Vehicle Approval (SVA) under the “car” SVA scheme.

The ECWVTA definitions are:

Category L1e – Moped -Two wheel having a maximum speed of 45km/h, maximum internal combustion engine capacity of 50cm3 or a maximum electric motor power of 4kW.

Category L2e – Moped -Three wheel having a maximum speed of 45km/h, maximum spark ignition internal combustion engine capacity 50cm3 or maximum power of any other internal combustion engine of 4kW or maximum electric motor power of 4kW.

Category L3e – Motorcycle – Two wheel, without a sidecar with an internal combustion engine capacity greater than 50cm3 and/or a maximum speed greater than 45km/h.

Category L4e – Motorcycle – Two wheel, with a sidecar with an internal combustion engine capacity greater than 50cm3 and/or a maximum speed greater than 45km/h.

Category L5e – Motor Tricycle – Three wheels, symmetrically arranged with an internal combustion engine capacity greater than 50cm3 and/or a maximum speed greater than 45km/h

Category L6e – Light quadricycle – Four wheels, with a maximum unladen mass of 350kg (not including the mass of the batteries in an electrically powered vehicle), a maximum speed of 45km/h, a maximum spark ignition internal combustion engine capacity of 50cm3, or maximum power of any other internal combustion engine of 4kW or maximum electric motor power of 4kW. The construction requirements are those for a three-wheel moped unless otherwise specified in a particular Directive.

Category L7e – Quadricycle – Four wheels, with a maximum unladen mass of 400kg or 550kg for a goods carrying vehicle (not including the mass of the batteries in an electrically powered vehicle) and a maximum net power, whatever the type of engine or motor, of 15kW. The construction requirements are those for a motor tricycle unless otherwise specified in a particular Directive.

 

Note – The Masses and Dimensions Directive, 93/93/EEC (as amended), applies controls on maximum dimensions and laden/unladen masses for vehicles.

3. UK National Regulations – The Road Vehicles (Construction and Use) Regulations 1986 and The Road Vehicles Lighting Regulations 1989 (C&U and RVLR)

3.1 Definitions

  Motorcycle – a vehicle having less than four wheels and weighing less than 410kg unladen.

This definition includes three wheeled motorcycles and three-wheel mopeds:

Three Wheeled Motorcycle – a motorcycle having three wheels, not including a motorcycle and sidecar.

  Moped – a motorcycle weighing less than 250kg and with a maximum design speed not greater than 30mph. If the engine is an internal combustion engine its capacity must not exceed 50cm3. Propelling pedals are not required.

 3.2 Regulations and their Availability

(a) The Road Vehicles (Construction and Use) Regulations 1986 (Statutory Instrument [SI] 1986 No.1078) as amended, usually referred to as C&U.

(b) The Road Vehicles Lighting Regulations 1989 (Statutory Instrument [SI] 1989 No.1778) as amended, usually referred to as RVLR.

There have been many amendments to these base documents, some of which will not apply to motorcycles. Whilst copies can be obtained from ‘The Stationery Office’ (formerly HMSO) it may be easier to view the regulations in “The Encyclopaedia of Road Traffic Law and Practice” published by Sweet and Maxwell (www.smlawpub.co.uk). This publication is continually updated and contains both C&U and RVLR. It is available in most city reference libraries.

The fact sheet in full is available on the link below:-

http://www.vca.gov.uk/vca/additional/files/vehicle-type-approval/vehicle-type-approval-for-motorcycles/vca039.pdf